Large breed dogs, what is the best diet?
The feeding of large breed dogs must be selected with great care, preventing the onset of dangerous diseases to which all breeds of large breed dogs are subject.
So, go to choose the best large breed puppy food.
Those animals that weigh between 25 and 50 kg when adults are classified as “large dogs “: this category includes breeds such as the labrador, golden retriever, and boxer. These dogs have a shorter life expectancy than small dogs, precisely because of their size: the reasons are linked both to the size of the internal organs and to the numerous pathologies to which these beautiful dogs are subject due to their weight. Fortunately, in recent years the average lifespan of a large breed dog has increased a lot, thanks above all to the improvement in their quality of life and the food they assimilate; however, it remains of fundamental importance to choose carefully feeding large breed dogs, right from puppyhood.
What to feed the large breed dog
First, we must dispel the theory according to which a large dog needs to eat a lot of food: this is absolutely not the case, on the contrary, there is a risk of doing very serious damage by gorging a large dog, especially as a puppy. The large breed puppies should not be fat, otherwise, the risk of developing very serious joint problems, aggravated by the fact that the muscle is still in development and too rapid growth is deleterious. Puppies up to four months of age should eat three times a day until their daily requirement is reduced and it can be switched to twice a day.
In terms of nutrients, most of the energy should come from proteins rather than fats, so that the large breed dog develops lean and agile muscles. Keeping your dog’s weight under control helps him both to stay active in his everyday life, and to avoid joint problems, making it easier for the muscles to stay young.
A balanced diet of large breed dogs must also include the right amount of carbohydrates and fiber, which, together with cereals, serve to give the animal the right sense of satiety, especially for the most voracious dogs. The choice of the right diet must absolutely be done together with your veterinarian, who will be able to indicate the correct caloric intake based on the characteristics of the animal.
More common diseases in large breed dogs
Below are some of the most frequent diseases that can affect large breed dogs, particularly if they are overweight.
- Bone and joint problems
This macro-area includes various pathologies such as hip dysplasia, osteochondritis dissecans, or panosteitis, all problems related to bones and joints, which become much more serious if contracted as puppies.
- Gastric torsion
This is a very serious problem affecting the digestive system: the stomach dilates and the valves inlet and opening of the gastric material close. This produces swelling of the blood vessels and a lack of oxygen in the blood which, over time, can lead to the death of the dog.
- Heart Failure
Due to their size, large breed dogs can suffer from heart problems, especially if they are overweight. The size of this organ makes it more prone to pathologies, therefore it is essential that a large dog is always subjected to physical activity that has a balanced diet.
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